What is World Water Day?
World Water Day falls on 22nd March every year with the aim of drawing attention to the importance of water around the world. Each year, a different theme is chosen to be the focal point of the campaign. For 2018, the theme is called ‘Nature for Water’ and is centred around creating nature-based solutions that can help tackle the global water problem.
What is the current global water situation?
In 2017, the World Health Organisation found that in 2015:
· 844 million people did not have access to basic drinking water.
· More than 2 billion people used drinking water from a source contaminated with faeces.
· By 2025, half of the world’s population will be living in areas of low water supply. The final statistic may become a reality sooner than we think. Cape Town, South Africa is due to run out of water on 4th June this year and citizens have been rationed to just 50 litres of water a day.
Why is water so important?
In 2010, the United Nations recognised that access to clean drinking water and sanitation was a basic human right. At present, many people have to travel miles every day just to pick up a few litres of water. Unfortunately, this burden often falls upon the women and girls, preventing them from working a normal job or entering education.
Accessible, clean water can give people an opportunity to break out of the poverty cycle. The results of this can be seen through the work done by the charity, ‘The Water Project’. One of their projects describes how Jemimah, a 14-year-old girl, feels much safer consuming clean water that significantly reduces the risk of contracting water-borne diseases. This allows her to attend school and collect water from a safe, refurbished area that is free from poisonous insects and snakes.
The education, in particular, will increase the chances of Jemimah getting a well-paid job that can help her family break out of the poverty cycle. Providing similar opportunities for more people in poverty can boost a country’s economy – indeed, the World Health Organisation says that a country’s economy could gain between $3 to $34 per $1 invested in water and sanitation.
What is Made With Hope doing to address water problems in Tanzania?
In 2016-17, Made With Hope provided over 400,000 litres of clean water to rural communities in Tanzania. This saved over 40,000 hours of time spent collecting water and gave 400 children time to study and socialise rather than walk miles to collect water. Made With Hope have also supplied rural communities with water filters that remove 99.9% of the harmful contaminants in water.
What can you do to help the water crisis?
· Learn about the global water shortage and how we can provide solutions to this problem.
· Campaign and raise awareness in your community about the water shortage worldwide.
· Donate to organisations dedicated to providing clean water to those who need it most.
· Reduce your own water usage. We often take it for granted, but we shouldn’t.
You can read more about World Water Day by visiting the official website here.
You can visit Ollie’s blog here.